(Pocket-lint) - Android 12 is undoubtedly the biggest refresh to the operating system in years, and now that we're onto the second public beta, that means we're getting an even more clear in-hand picture of what the final software will end up like.
It's still very much a beta software - with an official launch not expected for a little while yet - so lots can still change between now and final release. But for now, this is all you need to know about Android 12 in its current form.
Be sure to check back, too, as Pocket-lint plans to update this guide with all the latest news, leaks, and reports.
When will Android 12 be available?
- Public beta 2: 9 June 2021
- Official rollout for consumers: Around September 2021
Google usually follows a pattern: In the first few months of the year, it launches a developer preview. This year is no different. Android 12's developer preview has been out since February. It was originally released on 18 February 2021, before the second and third versions launched in March and April respectively.
As soon as the opening keynote for Google I/O ended, the company also made the first public beta available to download, before following it up with the second at the beginning of June. The final, finished version of Android 12 likely won't get an official rollout to compatible handsets until September 2021.
Which phones get Android 12 first?
- Pixel devices get Android 12 first
- Next Pixel flagship will launch with it
- Partner devices included in first public beta rollout
As is standard, the first phones to get the public beta were Pixel phones:
- Pixel 3 and 3 XL
- Pixel 3a and 3a XL
- Pixel 4 and 4 XL
- Pixel 4a and 4a (5G)
- Pixel 5
However, Android manufacturer partners have also been included in the initial rollout:
- Asus Zenfone 8
- OnePlus 9 and OnePlus 9 Pro
- Oppo Find X3 Pro (specific regions only)
- Realme GT
- Sharp (update to come)
- Tecno Camon 17
- TCL 20 and TCL 20 Pro 5G
- Vivo iQOO 7 Legend
- Xiaomi Mi 11, Mi 11 Ultra, Mi 11i and Mi 11X Pro
- ZTE Axon 30 Ultra 5G
When the final, finished version of Android 12 releases this autumn, it'll likely come first to the same list of selected devices, including Google's own Pixel lineup.
How to get the Android 12 public beta
The public beta is an early version of Android 12 specifically for testing. While it will work, it's not recommended that you install it on your primary device. Pocket-lint has a guide here detailing how to get it.
If you're using one of the approved third party devices you can find out more here.
Why is it called Android 12?
- Google confirmed the name in 2020
Google announced last September via an Android Developers blog post that the 2021 Android release will be called Android 12.
The aim here is to make things more formal, so Google is using a basic numbered approach rather than pushing the sweet treat names it used previously. However, we believe that Android 12 is also being called Snow Cone - the S moniker appears briefly in the status bar when it first boots up.
Is there anything new in Android 12?
The short answer is: yes, a lot. By the time the official release is available there's going to be a whole host of changes including a dramatic overhaul of the user interface, plus fresh customisation and privacy capabilities. Here are some of the changes already present.
Lock Screen Clock
The first thing you'll likely notice the first time you power up a phone running Android 12 is the new lock screen clock. With your phone clear of notifications a large digital clock takes up pride of place right in the centre of the screen.
PIN code keys
When you swipe to unlock the phone you'll notice a fresh design for the PIN code keypad. The 'buttons' are round, large and minimal with pastel shades. We suspect this same design will eventually feature on the phone dialler too.
Notifications have undergone something of a design overhaul too. The style of notification windows has changed, and they're automatically grouped per app, or separated out if they're not conversational.
Also, there's an easy new snooze control that you simply tap to snooze, rather than having to swipe on the notification. Then you can snooze specific notifications for a set amount of time.
Quick settings shade
When you drop down quick settings and notifications from the top of the screen you'll no longer see those little round toggles. Instead, they've been replaced by much larger rectangle controls, similar to those we saw in Android 11's Power menu for controlling smarthome devices.
What's interesting here is the colour scheme. With beta 2 Google enabled the feature that allows it to pick a colour automatically based on whatever wallpaper you have. So if your wallpaper is predominantly pink/purple, the quick settings shade will be too. Or green, if your wallpaper is green. And so on.
Settings menu tweak
Similarly, the entire main Settings list has been simplified massively. Labels and icons are larger, while the extra subheading listing the features within that menu is no longer there. In addition there's a springy-ness to the animation when you reach the top or bottom of the list that doesn't appear in Android 11.
Take a screenshot and head to the edit/markup function and you can now type text on to your screenshots in a number of different font colours. Plus you can stick some emojis on there if you want by pressing the little sticker icon. You can resize them easily too by just pinching to zoom.
As a side note to that, you can now easily dismiss screenshot thumbnails by swiping them off the screen. Simple.
Share sheet image edit
Similar to marking up screenshots above, when you go to share an image file there's a new 'Edit' option that lets you mark up pictures before sending them on. Just bring up the default share menu and tap 'more' where it loads your other apps and gives you the edit option next to Nearby Share below the image thumbnail.
One of the major new official changes is the Privacy Dashboard. It'll give you easy access to see what apps have accessed certain permissions. Whether that be your camera and mic or location. What's more, when you first launch an app and it wants access to your location you can decide to have it only get access to an approximate location rather than precise.
Android 12 beta 2 also added quick on/off toggles in the quick shade menu that disable the mic, location and camera so that nothing can access them.
Google's slowly been improving its theming and customisation options, and with the first developer preview of Android 12 you can now customise your Home Screen grid more. Essentially, Google added one more grid option. So now you can have 4x5 as well as 4x4, 3x3, 2x2 and the default option.
Media Player interface
One of the more prominent UI changes is the updated media control widget that appears in the drop-down menu you when you have music playing. Google has enlarged it, making it span almost the entire width of the screen and adjusted the layout so the controls are closer to the middle of the screen. It also takes up more space on the Lock Screen when active.
Now, if you're playing the music on your phone locally, you can tap the tiny little icon in the corner of the widget and this brings up a new playback location popup window. Here you can adjust the music volume or quickly pair a new device like a pair of earbuds of a Bluetooth speaker.
App shortcuts menu
Another quite small tweak to the interface comes in form of the new pop-up shortcut menu that appears when you tap and hold an app icon. The menu is larger, with each command separated and taking up more space on the screen, likely to make it easier for people to use.
Nearby Share for Wifi passwords
This is a potentially handy feature that lets you quickly share your WiFi network details with people in the same room as you. So while you could share your Wi-Fi using a QR code scanner before, if you look beneath that in Android 12 you now get the option that says 'Nearby'. Tap on it, turn on Nearby sharing and then it'll look for devices near you to share the details with.
People Space widget
The People Space widget was leaked in advance and gives you quite a large prompt reminding you to get in touch with the people you care about frequently. It's currently defaulting to a 3x2 size, which is pretty large, but we suspect this will be adjustable when it's officially available.
It wasn't included in the first preview, but there's now a new one-handed mode that you can enable. It made its first appearance in the 2nd developer preview and could make using larger-screened phones a lot easier in future.
New picture-in-picture controls
PiP has been around in Android for a while and means you can have a small floating video playing on screen even when you're not in the video app. The new controls make it possible to enlarge the window without going full-screen.
Double-tap gesture for Pixel phones
Google is working double-tap gesture to Pixel phones with Android 12.
When enabled you can give a quick double-tap to the back of your phone to take a screenshot, but you can program it to do other stuff too. It can be configured for other actions, too, like to take launch Google Assistant, pause/resume media playback, open the notification shade, and open the recent apps view.
What's not there yet?
Google announced a host of new changes coming to Android 12 by the time it's official. Similarly we've seen leaks and rumours suggesting what could come in future. These aren't currently in the first public beta:
A new design
Android 12 is getting a refreshed design and a big part of that is customisation. You'll be able to create your own custom combinations of colours for accents, backgrounds and so on. You'll even be able to choose the thickness of text and thickness of outlines around icons and buttons.
Rumours suggest that Android 12 might introduce some familiar features, with one-handed mode and rolling screenshot both on the list - and both common features from Samsung phones. There's also the suggestion that Pixel owners might get a face-based screen rotation function to keep the screen pointing the right direction even when you're lying down.
Easier, safe access to 'other app stores'
Google said in a blog post last autumn that Android 12 will “make it even easier for people to use other app stores on their devices while being careful not to compromise the safety measures Android has in place". It didn't elaborate on what this means, specifically, or how it will work. But we're assuming you'll be able to quickly access apps in third-party stores with your device, and there will be safety protections in place.
Restricted Networking mode
XDA Developer's Mishaal Rahman dug into Android Open Source Project (AOSP) Gerrit entries and spotted mentions of a new Restricted Networking mode. Specifically, once enabled, the feature would allow apps with a "connectivity use restricted networks" permission to access the network. Other apps on your phone without that permission wouldn't be able to send or receive data.
Mishaal indicates this permission can only be granted to privileged system apps signed by the OEM. This, therefore, doesn't appear to be a system-level configurable firewall, but it still has interesting use-case potential. Imagine if Google offers a user-facing settings option to restrict internet access on a per-app basis. However, it's not clear yet how Google might implement its Restricted Networking mode into Android 12.
App Pairs split-screen experience
Android 11 offers a split-screen experience, where you can open two apps on your device at the same time. For Android 12, 9to5Google said Google is working on an improved version called App Pairs. Currently, split screen effectively “pins” one app, but Android 12’s App Pairs system will group two apps together as one “task" so you can choose two of your recently opened apps to become a pair. This feature was also shown off by XDA Developers after the preview landed.
Once paired, you should be able to toggle between using a different single app and the pair you created. 9to5Google shared a mockup of how the feature looks. (You can see it above. The left is Android 11 now. The right, however, shows how the recents view treats a pair as one joint activity.) Android 12's App Pairs offers a divider, too, to let you adjust how much of the screen is used up by an app.
OS updates directly from Play Store
Android 12 might also make it easier for Google to directly deliver operating system updates. XDA Developers noticed the company plans to add Android Runtime (ART) as a Mainline module in Android 12, allowing it to push more operating system updates through Google Play Store, rather than sending them over the air. This could result in more frequent updates and fewer hangups from phone manufacturers.
'Hibernate' unused apps to free up space
XDA Developers discovered Android 12 could have a feature that "hibernates" open apps not currently in use, making them less power-intensive and freeing up space. Based on code changes submitted to AOSP, Google, specifically, is adding a new system, “that manages app hibernation state, a state apps can enter that means they are not being actively used and can be optimized for storage".
Android 12: What's happened so far?
Here's everything we've heard about Android 12 so far.
9 June 2021: Public beta 2 is available
Android 12's second public beta has been launched and is available to download.
18 May 2021: It's official!
Android 12 has been shown off by Google and it features a host of changes and a fresh new look.
17 March 2021: Second developer preview arrives
Google released the next developer preview version almost exactly one month after the first and introduced a few new features.
18 February 2021: Google releases Android 12 developer beta
Google has made the developer beta of Android 12 available to download and install on Pixel devices.
16 February 2021: Android 12 Snow Cone might add software features OEMs have offered for years
Rumours suggest that Android 12 might introduce a one-handed model, rolling screenshot and might give Pixel owners a face-based screen rotation feature.
9 February 2021: Possible Android 12 interface leaks early, shows new widget design
Images said to come from the slide showing Android 12's visuals have leaked, giving us a look at what we might expect from the software.
25 January 2021: Android 12 could add double-tap gesture for Pixels
9to5Google claimed Google is working to bring a double-tap gesture to Pixel phones with Android 12. Codenamed Columbus, this gesture can invoke Google Assistant, and it can be configured for other actions. You just have to do a quick double-tap to the back of your phone to use it.
21 January 2021: Android 12 set to improve split screen with ‘App Pairs’
9to5Google claimed Google is working on a revamped version of split screen called “App Pairs.”
19 January 2021: Android 12 might let you hibernate unused apps
XDA Developers claimed Google is working on an app hibernation feature to free up space for Android 12.
19 January 2021: Google might introduce a Restricted Networking mode with Android 12
A handful of commits merged to AOSP describe a new restricted networking mode feature possibly for Android 12.
25 November 2020: Google to make the Android Runtime (ART) a Mainline module
XDA Developers claimed Google plans to include the Android Runtime (ART) as an updatable Mainline module in Android 12.
30 September 2020: Google is already talking about Android 12 changes
We didn't expect Google's first mention of Android 12 - the next iteration of Android expected in 2021 - to be about app stores and fees.