Electric cars are already a mainstay on Britain's roads, with a growing number of all-electric models being available to buy right now. The electric effect is now in full force, with established brands committing offering a wider range of pure electric cars in the future, while those who depend heavily on diesel are seeing sales falter.
Prices are falling, models are diversifying and it's all going hand-in-hand with increased investment and roll-out of charging networks.
But what electric cars are coming? Let us give you a closer look at what you can expect to see in showrooms and hitting the roads in the next few years.
Mini has confirmed that a fully-electric version of the Mini will be launched in 2019, the 60th anniversary of Mini.
Like the recently-announced plug-in hybrid, Mini's CEO Peter Schwarzenbauer says the electric version of the Cooper will arrive with new battery technology that will offer superior performance compared to other electric vehicles currently on the market. That's likely to mean a range of over 200 miles, with performance to embarrass a Cooper S petrol. Many believe it will use established components from the BMW i3s - and it could launch as the Mini Cooper S E - an electric hot hatch.
Volkswagen ID Concept
The ID Concept is one of three ID electric vehicles planned by Volkswagen, to be released from 2020. The Concept is the smallest of the three, but is still a full-size 5-door car.
While the Concept outlined a vision for the future, this is probably VW's most important car in development. It's designed to compete in that hatchback space - like the Mini Electric - with the suggestion that it will cost about the same as a VW Golf diesel. There are prototypes of the production model appearing on the roads and talk of range between 200-300 miles and VW wants it to be true to brand - an EV for the people, so mass production is planned.
Audi e-tron SUV Sportback
The e-tron Sportback - previewed by Audi in Frankfurt in 2017 - is a concept car for now, but will launch in 2019 as a full production model. It looks a lot like the Audi A7, but has huge 23-inch wheels to give you a commanding view of the road. The road going car will be smaller than the Audi e-tron SUV, its first EV.
It has been confirmed that the second EV model - the Sportback - will sit on the same platform as the current e-tron with the same battery. We suspect that most of the tech specs will be the same and it will be a change in exterior stylings, for a sleeker look. You can expect it to launch in 2019.
Audi e-tron GT
Unveiled at the LA Auto Show 2018, the Audi e-tron GT Concept showcases Audi's future electric sportscar. This is a four seater, powered by the same batteries as the e-tron models above (we suspect) and sharing a lot with the Porsche Taycan. Audi has been quite open about the co-development of the e-tron GT and the Taycan, and we're expecting a lot of technical similarities.
The performances stats currently suggest an 800V charging system, 0-62mph in 3.5 seconds and a range of 248 miles. There's a vegan interior on the Concept model, with Audi saying that it wants to push the eco message even further. The Audi e-tron GT Concept will be hitting the roads in 2020.
Kia Soul EV
Yes, Kia is a pretty unique position of being able to launch a second-gen electric car. There's a new model of the Soul EV - coming in 2019 - and it's had a big boost over the outgoing model. The new Kia Soul gets fitted with a 64kWh battery (as you'll find in some other Hyundai and Kia models), and more power, so it will offer longer range and better performance than the old model.
The Kia Soul EV is likely to be one of the more affordable crossover EVs on the UK's roads and with its toy car looks and elevated driving position, it should be a popular choice.
Tesla Model 3
The Model 3 is the most affordable Tesla you can buy. You'll note the use of "is" in that sentence, when this is a story about future EVs. With the Model 3, the "is it here, is it the future?" gets a bit complicated. Half a million people have reserved Tesla's most affordable car, which starts at $35,000 in the US. The first customers have got their cars over in the States, but as production delays have hit, those in the UK - and beyond the US more widely - will be waiting until 2019 to get their Model 3. Place an order now, in the UK, and you'll likely be looking at a 2020 delivery.
The $35,000 is just the starting price of course. That's for the entry-level 220 mile range Model 3. It does 0-60 in 5.6 seconds, but if you're prepared to pay extra, a "long range" version will crack 60 in 5.1 seconds and does 300 miles on a single charge. Unlike Tesla's S and X models, if you buy a Model 3, don't expect to get free use of Tesla's Supercharger network, but you can pay per use. The Model 3 seats five, features Tesla's Autopilot system (if you pay extra for it) and information in the minimalist cabin is all displayed through a single, landscape-orientated 15-inch centre display screen.
Mercedes plans to introduce 10 electric "EQ" models by 2022, and it'll start with this - the EQC, which will be similarly sized to the firm's mid-sized, premium GLC SUV. Officially unveiled on 5 September 2018, the new Mercedes EQC (or EQC 400 4MATIC) is an all-wheel drive SUV, equipped with an 80kWh battery, claiming to give you around 200 miles of range. It will charge to 80 per cent in about 40 minutes.
The 400 in the name comes from the 402hp that the motors will generate, taking this car to 60mph in 4.9 seconds. It will be limited to a top speed of 112mph. The interior evolves from the current futuristic design you'll find on modern Mercedes SUVs.
The Mercedes EQC will go into production in 2019 and will be available from 2020.
Aston Martin Rapide E
Aston Martin has confirmed that the Rapide E, the all-electric version of the Rapide S, will be available from the end of 2019.
This electric sports car ditches the 12V petrol engine for a 610PS rear motor driving the back wheels and a 65kWh battery, said to be good for 200 miles of range. It will hit 60mph in less than 4 seconds and will be able to repeat that performance; Aston has said you'll be able to thrash it around the Nürburgring with no drop-off in battery performance - taking a deliberate poke at Tesla.
There's no word on the price, but Aston is only making 155 units of the Rapide E. It will be available at the end of 2019.
The Taycan was, up until recently, known as the Mission E. It was the first all-electric car that Porsche showed off at the Frankfurt Motor Show all the way back in 2015. The car will go into full production in 2019, although the company has yet to reveal how much it will cost when it finally goes on sale.
The Taycan will get two permanently excited synchronous motors (PSM) which combined will deliver over 600hp, catapulting the Taycan to 62mph in under 3.5 seconds and 125mph in under 12. Porsche also claims a driving range in excess of 310 miles on a single charge, based on the NEDC.
BMW iX3 Electric
BMW recently took the wraps off its Concept iX3 all-electric SUV, with images revealing what we can expect the final production model to look like when it launches in 2020. The iX3 will get BMW's fifth-generation eDrive technology, which puts the electric motor, transmission and power electronics all into one singular unit.
It also gets a fifth-generation electric motor, especially designed for BMW's Sports Activity Vehicles, which produces 270hp and up to 249 miles on a single charge based on the WLTP cycle. BMW has also said it will support 150kW fast charging, meaning the battery can be fully topped up in just 30 minutes.
The iX3 is a clear sign of BMW reacting to an ever expanding market, but it's odd that it's taking the company so long to get the must-have SUV-body style with an electric powertrain to market, given that the i3 has been on sale since 2013.
BMW iNext Concept
BMW is adamant that the iNext will be launching in 2021. The iNext is concept car in looks - we're not sure the proposed open passenger cabin is realistic - but very serious in terms of technology. The level 3 and beyond autonomous driving system that this car claims to offer is in development, while the battery technology is too.
Whether we get a car that looks like this remains to be seen - it would sit somewhere between the X7 and X7 in terms of size - but you can expect the iNext Concept to evolve into a car. As BMW says, the technology for autonomous driving will be reading in 2021, regardless of whether the legislation is.
BMW confirmed at the Geneva Motor Show 2018 that it will introduce an i4 in the early part of the next decade, and that it will be based on the 4 Series Gran Coupe to give it a sportier look than many bulky and tall EVs. It'll land before the larger i5 (see below), which was previewed by the i Vision Dynamics concept. While not officially confirmed, power will likely come from a front-mounted electric motor that sends power to the back wheels, it's BMW's latest electric architecture, which will also appear under the forthcoming iX3 electric SUV from the Munich brand.
Autocar, who broke the i4 story, believes the car will have similar performance to the 335d GT, which itself produces 350bhp. It will likely have a range of 310 miles when it launches and seems likely to be one of the sportier EV offerings debuting around the turn of the decade.
BMW unveiled the i Vision Dynamics concept coupe at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2017. It previews a mid-sized saloon car, in the BMW i range that's likely to be called i5 when it launches in 2021. It's bigger than the company's 3-Series saloon, but smaller than a 5-Series and designed to sit between the i3 and i8 in the electric BMW i range.
The family-sized car will be capable of reaching 60mph in under 4 seconds, go on to a speed over 120mph and be able to last up to 372 miles on a single charge. Let's hope it arrives with the same futuristic design displayed on the concept version.
Faraday Future FF-91
A huge question mark hangs over the striking FF-91. It should have been launched in 2018 - after all, this car debuted at CES in early 2017 and the company opened order books for those wishing to place a deposit. But since then, Faraday has been threatened with bankruptcy, shed plenty of its workforce and work has stopped on its factory. Still, we hope the company makes it.
The FF-91 has a huge 126-inch wheelbase, but that makes for a huge interior. The panoramic sunroof, rear and side windows use Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Glass, which passengers can tap on to tint the windows and let less light in. Don't expect to get a conventional rear-view mirror inside, as Faraday Future has replaced it with a widescreen monitor instead. It's used to show live footage from a camera on rear of the car, along with cameras on the sides, so you can see literally everything around you.
Another thing to be thrown out is a key. Instead, you use your phone to unlock the car, or if you don't have it with you, your face becomes your key. The FF-91 is able to individually recognise each user and will automatically adjust the seat position, climate control, entertainment preferences and driving routes based on your individual tastes.
The 1,050bhp electric power unit will accelerate to 60mph in 2.39-seconds and will have a driving range between 378 and 435 miles. Faraday Future says the battery can be completely recharged in 1 hour.
Byton EV SUV
Byton joins Faraday in the Tesla-rivalling, start-up car brand stakes. Launched at CES 2018, Byton brought the credibility Faraday perhaps lacks, by offering anyone a test-ride around the parking lot in its prototype SUV. The company says the real car - which it claims will look "95 per cent of the concept" will go on sale some time next year - for a scarcely credible $45,000. This base model, should be good for 250 miles of range, and 0-60mph in around 5 seconds.
When we rode in the car at CES, we came away impressed, mostly be the enormous "coast to coast" cross-car screen. At 49-inches wide and 10 inches deep, it makes a Tesla's 17-inch display look just a bit small. But the Byton impressed with its clever design, generous space and - well - the fact it doesn't look too weird. Designed in Silicon Valley and Munich, it's funded by and will be built in China. First sales will be in its home market, but the company plans to export to Europe and the US in time. If everything works out, expect an early-2020s on sale date in the UK.
The Fisker EMotion is an electric car designed by Henrik Fisker - the man responsible for designing the BMW Z8 and Aston Martin DB9 to name a few - and is due to be released in August 2017. It will be Fisker's rival to a Tesla Model S, not just in power, but in price too.
New proprietary battery technology developed at the Fisker Nanotech battery division will give the EMotion a 400+ mile range, and it will eventually support autonomous driving modes thanks to a radar and camera integrated in the front of the car.
Ford announced at the Detroit Motor Show 2018 that it will invest $11 billion in electric vehicles, and plans to have 40 electrified vehicles on the road by 2022, 16 of which will be fully electric, while the rest will be plug-in hybrids.
The new cars won't necessarily be completely new models though, but rather electric versions of current models that are popular amongst customers. The company already sells an electric version of the Focus in some markets.
There's a new team - Ford Team Edison - looking at the electric future and an "electric Mustang-inspired utility" is one of the vehicles in development. Ford said it's keen to stick to vehicles that its customers know and love, and something electric that leans on Mustang heritage will certainly fit the bill.
Honda Urban EV
It's long been a sceptic about EVs, but last year Honda announced plans to join the electric party, with its Urban EV. A cute concept, that's shorter than a Jazz but with space for four inside, Honda's making bold promises that the production car - which will go on sale in 2019 - will look very much like the concept. Expect it to gain wing mirrors and lose the chatty front and rear displays, but keep the chilled out, simple form language, large glazed areas and - to our surprise - that ultra-wide screen display inside.
Honda's not confirmed prices or range yet, although Autocar have been tipped the range is likely to come in at around 150 miles. Interestingly, Honda also showed a concept last year, for something called a "Honda power manager" - this device, a kind of fully connected and integrated charger - would potentially integrate into your smart home and allow vehicle-to-grid power flow, which electricity companies and power grids have great interest in, as if they can occasionally use your car to balance the grid demand, it could negate the need to build new power stations to meet the extra demand electric cars have the potential to create.
Porsche Mission E Cross Turismo
Porsche unveiled its second all-electric car - behind the Taycan - at the Geneva Motor Show 2018. Called the Mission E Cross Turismo, it's a four-seater sports car with the Tesla Model S set firmly in its sights. It can't quite match the Model S's Ludicrous Mode 0-60mph of 2.9 seconds, but at 3.5-seconds, the Porsche won't be left far behind in a drag race.
The Cross Turismo will be a combination of the Taycan (formerly the Mission E) and the Panamera, with a higher ride height and tougher wheel arch surrounds.
One of the Mission E Cross Turismo's biggest selling points though, is its recharge time. Porsche says you will be able to get 62 miles out of the Mission E Cross Turismo, from just a 4 minute charge, faster than boiling a pot of spaghetti. Total range from a full battery is expected to match the Taycan's 310 miles.
Rimac, the Croation hypercar manufacturer, has announced a follow up model the Concept One - which Richard Hammond famously crashed - and it looks set to be one of the fastest cars on the planet. It has a claimed 0-60mph time of 1.85-seconds, which makes it faster than the Tesla Roadster and a range of 404 miles on a single charge.
Rimac says the 1888bhp car will go on to a top speed of 258mph and can recharged to 80 per cent in 30 minutes. It will go into production later this year and will be limited to a 150 car run.
Skoda Vision E
Skoda has an electric SUV of its own in the works. Called the Vision E for now, the concept car is to be one of five new electric cars from Skoda to be on the roads by 2025.
It's based on the same underpinnings as the Volkswagen ID Cross and the Audi e-tron Sportback. It's therefore likely to have a 310 mile driving range and a top speed of 112mph. Skoda hasn't revealed a 0-60mph time just yet, but it will have a 302bhp power unit, with all of those horses being available on demand.
Two motors, one on each axle, work in unison to deliver power where it's needed to provide maximum grip and stability. Clever tech features include being able to automatically find itself a parking space and park, and drive by itself in traffic jams or on motorways.
Skoda suggests that, when the Vision E arrives in the early 2020s, you won't need to plug it in, as there'll be inductive charging floor panel that can be fitted in your garage, but if you don't have space to put in the floor panel, a quick charge plug-in cable will get it back up to 80 per cent in 30 minutes.
A digital screen will replace the analogue instrument cluster, and a larger touchscreen will be fitted to the centre console to handle all things infotainment. You'll also be able to wirelessly charge your phone with a charger in each door.
Volkswagen ID Crozz
The ID Crozz will be Volkswagen's all-electric SUV that will go on sale from 2020. Like the ID Concept, the ID Crozz will get an autonomous driving mode from 2025, complete with retractable steering wheel.
Like the Faraday Future FF-91, the ID Crozz can remember each driver's personal preferences for things such as climate control and seating position, and will activate them when each individual driver approaches the car.
An 82kWh battery is found in the floor of the car, and this produces a Skoda Vision E matching 112mph top speed and driving range of 310 miles. Power is sent to the rear wheels by default, but it will show the front ones some love if the car feels extra grip is needed, or you can permanently engage an all-wheel drive mode.
A 10.2-inch display will adorn the centre console and handle all the infotainment functions, while a secondary 5.8-inch display in front of the driver will show information relating to the car.
If you know you're going to be out the house and unable to accept a delivery, you will be able to grant couriers access to the boot of the Crozz so you can drive home with your packages.
There's no word yet on how much the ID Crozz will cost when it goes on sale.
Volkswagen ID Buzz and Cargo Concept
The ID Buzz is the third VW ID electric vehicle due to go on sale in 2022. It references VW's historic Microbus and will able to seat up to eight people, with an interior that can be constantly changed around. There's also a Cargo Concept, which may well get launched before any passenger model arrives, with the rising demand for clean first and last mile transport.
Two electric motors will give the ID Buzz a total power output of 369bhp to propel it to 60mph in around 5-seconds. It will be limited to a top speed of 100mph, will have four-wheel drive and a 372 mile driving range. You will be able to recharge the battery to 80 per cent, which VW says will be enough for 298 miles of travel, in 30 minutes.
Like the other two ID vehicles, the Buzz will have a retracting steering wheel to enable an autonomous driving mode, and it will have cameras mounted on the outside in place of conventional wing mirrors.
There's no official word on how much the ID Buzz may cost when it goes on sale.
Rivian wants to join the EV movement with this offroader of its own. It's designed to tackle the great outdoors, boasting a wading depth of 3ft and 0-60mph time of 3 seconds. Why you'd need to go so fast offroad, we'll never know.
Rivian is a newcomer to the EV space, showing off its cars for the first time at the LA Auto Show in 2018 - there's also a truck/pickup version - and is available for pre-order for a $1000 deposit. We'd be tempted to wait until these are actually on the road before parting with any money.