(Pocket-lint) - Perhaps more than any other type of photography, astronomical photography is just insanely impressive - the degree of patience and control required to get good photos of the night sky, let alone distant stars and planets, is hard to overstate. 

That's one of the reasons why there are awards dedicated entirely to astronomy photographs each year, and the shortlist has just been released for the biggest gong in this area - the Insight Investment Astronomy Photographer of the Year 2020. 

Nicholas Roemmelt

The Green Lady

This stunning image has it all - aurora borealis dancing in the sky, in a sublime mix of greens and blues, all suspended above an ice-cold lake and the hints of human habitation in the form of that lit-up little town. It's a bit of a wonder, really. 

Connor Matherne

The Many Jets and Shells of Centaurus A

A jaw-dropping image of the infinite variety of space, with those promintent jets in the centre providing a science-fiction-esque focal point. This looks like something out of Star Wars, no?

Mathew Browne

The Moon And the Shard

The moon hovers ominously behind London's Shard, all of it lit up perfectly to highlight the building's consturction in contrast to the marvellou detail captured on the moon's surface. 

Kristina Makeeva

Iceland

Aptly titled, this photo does an amazing job of balancing the deep, luscious colour of the aurora in the sky against the amazing show it's projecting into the impossibly clear chunks of ice on the ground. 

Alyn Wallace

Ineffable

This photo takes you behind the curtain, showing a lone photographer taking a picture of an eclipse, and showcasing how remote one must travel to find the best light. 

Ruslan Ilnitsky

Sunspots AR 2741 and AR 2740

The sun's surface is a bit of a mystery to most of us layfolk, but all know that sunspots exist - here's an impressive image capturing just two of them, neither hintint at the enormous energy that their appearance actually entails. 

Stefan Liebermann

Desert Magic

A desesrt scene that's beautifully lit by the smorgasbord of light and stars in the sky above, an entire constellation and galaxy suspended beautifully. 

Kamil Nureev

Dance Over the Swamp

We don't often think of the Northern Lights as occurring over swamps, but here it is nonetheless, and that placid reflection is the key to this photo's stellar success. 

Marcin Zajac

Galactic Portal

Once again, here the contrast between land and sky is the key, with the amazing purples and pinks of the night lighting up the frame beautifully, viewed from within a cluster of rocks framing the action. 

Thomas Kast

Painting the Sky

That astonishing selection of colours, lighting up the sky in ways that most of us will never live to see in person, makes for an amazing tableau. We think this picture is named perfectly. 

Stacey Downton

Jupiter Rising

It's no mean feat to capture the surface of a planet like Jupiter in this way, from such a distance, but this image gives you a great sense of the roiling chaos that its surface would actually be.

Ethan Roberts

Moonshot

This great shot is a miracle of timing, with a wisp of cloud passing before the moon and causing this otherworldly effect - it's like something out a giallo horror film, and we love it. 

Nguyễn Hoàng Linh

Graded

This amazing timelapse over some paddies is a beautiful reminder of how time's passing is inevitable, and we particularly love how the exposure concentrates the lights of human dwellings in the frame's centre. 

Jen Rogers

Milky Way and meteor at Porthgwarra

The boat in the image is a perfect focal point, bridging the two near-symmetrical sides of the composition and drawing the viewer out. We can't be the only ones who'd love to hop in for a journey, right?

Kirk Paton

Trixy

The photographer's dog Trixy is the star of the show here, artfully silhouetted in front of a bright and huge moon, the focal length making it seem almost impossibly large. It's a delightful, fun composition. 

Tom Archer

Lone Tree under a Scandinavian Aurora

Tom Archer's breath-taking image of a lone snow-covered tree sitting beneath the Scandinavian Aurora was chosen as a runner up in the Aurorae category for 2020. But it's still a staggering shot in our opinion and Mandy Bailey, Astronomy Secretary for the Royal Astronomical Society agrees:

"This is one of my favourite images from this year’s competition. It is peaceful and serene yet also powerful." 

Thea Hutchinson

Detached Prominences

Another runner up photo, this time from the Young Competition, shows an incredibly detailed photo for eh sun taken with a mix of a telescope and clever filters to result in an amazing view complete with solar disc and prominence. 

Susan Derges, fine art photographer, commented:

"The Sun feels enormous and powerful, with its edge arching across the image and the swirling contents of the solar disc look as if they are actually moving. The combining of the two images in Photoshop – solar disc and prominence – is well executed and works effectively, so I'm not surprised the photographer is pleased with the result. It’s a wonderful image."

Roshaan Nadeem

3-D Moon

Roshaan Nadeem's amazing image of the moon appears to be a combination of photos of a Waxing Gibbous Moon and Full Moon, with wonderful results that give the Moon a three-dimensional effect.  

Qiqige (Nina) Zhao

Startrails in Namib Desert

This photo of startrails was taken in the Namib desert and chosen as another Young Competition runner-up. We love the results of this photographer's efforts with the Canon EOS 6D. Impressive stuff. 

GuangHao Yu

Southern Cross over Siding Spring

If you want to feel insignificant, just take a look at this photo by GuangHao Yu which shows a seemingly impossible view of the unconscionable number of stars in the skies above us. 

Li JiaWei

Milky Way Falls from the Sky

The perfect framing of this photo makes it look like the Milky Way is emanating from between these mountains.

We also love how the clear view of the water's surface reflecting the surroundings and drawing the eye away from the stars above.  

Peter Ward

Cosmic Inferno

The winner of the Stars and Nebulae category was given to this image by Peter Ward showing the wonders of space in the raging cosmic inferno. 

Melanie Vandenbrouck, Curator of Art (post-1800) at Royal Museums Greenwich commented:

"Creation, elements, fire, brimstone and wonder. This astonishing image conjures up these pictures that also represent the first moments of the Universe, before stars were formed. It’s a moving reminder that when we look up to the night sky, we tend to do so with earthly concerns on our minds, whether unconsciously or consciously as seen here. The tragedy of the 2019 bushfires in Australia shook people around the world; in the age of climate change, this extraordinarily beautiful picture urges us not to let our children’s future go up in flames."

Josep Drudis

The Faint Surroundings of the Helix Nebula

This image apparently took Josep Drudis over 50 hours to capture. It shows the Helix Nebula, one of the closest bright planetary nebulae to Earth. This is a location of space where a star is thought to have shed its outer layers during its evolution. 

Christopher Small

Bound

This photo by Christopher Small was chosen as a runner up in the Skyscapes category and seems to show the universe rushing by with the wonder of continued expansion happening around us as we sit still. 

Paul Wilson

Questions

Paul Wilson's photo not only has us admiring the beauty of space, but also made us smile as it appropriately throws a question mark into the sky where we'd wonder what's out there. 

Stefan Liebermann

Karijini National Park

Another striking view of the Milky Way once again appearing to show the wonder of space emerging from the waters of our own world. 

Stefan Liebermann took this image for the Skyscapes category while at Karijini National Park and the results are incredible. 

Elena Pakhalyuk

Eruption

Try not to get too distracted by the lava eruption bursting forth from the landscape as you breathe in this view of the night's sky. What an impressive snap!

Marcin Zajac

Galactic Portal

This stunning view seems to show a brilliant view of the starry night from within a cave. An eerie and beautiful mist hangs over the water's surface adding to the overall majesty of the photo. 

Yang Sutie

Azure Vapor Tracers

Don't worry, this isn't an alien invasion or some sort of massive space jellyfish, instead it's a photo of a man-made event happening thanks to NASA. 

These vapour trailers were created by the AZURE experiment where rockets fired harmless gasses into the upper atmosphere of our planet in order to observe the dispersal from below. This experiment was designed to help "...increase humanity's understanding of how the solar wind transfers energy to the Earth and powers aurora."

Yulia Zhulikova

Star Rain

This photo by Yulia Zhulikova looks like it could work just as well on Instagram as it does in a photography competition. A lone lady stands wielding an umbrella under a shower of stars by the water's edge. 

Evan McKay

Self-portrait under the Milky Way

A man walking on water, a superbly framed view of the starry sky and an awesome reflection too. What more could you want?

Alain Paillou

Tycho Crater Region with Colours

The winner of the Our Moon category of the 2020 awards shows a vivid and colourful view of the moon. The colours highlighting the different minerals and materials that make up the surface. 

Emily Drabek-Maunder, astrophysicist, astronomer and science communicator at Royal Observatory Greenwich commented:

"This vibrant image teases out the faint colours on the surface of the Moon. Not only is this composition visually striking, but it highlights the different materials the Moon is made up of, all from the safety of the Earth."

Rob Mogford

Once in a Blue Moon

Rob Mogford used his talent to show off what you can do with a good telescope and some snazzy photography skills. 

A brilliant view of our moon that makes it look like a blue marble hanging in the blackness of space. 

Alan Friedman

Ultraviolet

An unusual view of Our Sun, with a peaceful, ultraviolet theme. 

This image was highly commended in its category and lead László Francsics, Insight Investment Astronomy Photographer of the Year 2019 Overall Winner to comment:

"The symmetry of this image is fascinating and the unusual but exciting ultraviolet colour palette adds a unique twist to it. This is a nice example showing that the extraordinarily calm Sun surface, that might be a monotonous scene, can also be captured artistically and to an outstanding standard."

Wang Zheng

House under Rainbow Aurora

Love the idea of a rural retreat with views that'll blow your socks off? Then this is the photo for you. 

Wang Zheng managed to capture this incredible photo of a colourful Aurora and was selected as a runner-up in that category of the Astronomy Photographer of the Year 2020 awards.

Andreas Ettl

Hamny Lights

A breathtaking view that's good enough to make you want to move house to somewhere a lot colder. This image was a runner-up in the Aurorae 2020 category of the awards and it's easy to see why. 

Writing by Max Freeman-Mills and Adrian Willings.